For more information on any of the conditions we treat, please click on the links below.
Medical Retina As a leading Vitreo-Retinal Specialist Professor Stanga routinely treats (both within the NHS and the independent sector) all conditions affecting the retina and macula.
Age Related Macular Degeneration The macula is the central area of the retina. The retina is a thin membrane located in the inside of the eye that acts like the film of a camera, capturing the image that will be transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve.
Anti-Vegf Drugs The goal of treatment with these drugs is to prevent further loss of vision. Although some patients have regained vision, the medication may not restore vision that has already been lost and may not ultimately prevent further loss of vision caused by the disease.
Alternatives You do not have to receive treatment for your condition if you do not want so although, without treatment, these diseases can lead to further vision loss and blindness, sometimes very quickly.
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) The aim of PDT is to reduce the potential for loss of central vision caused by wet AMD. PDT on its own can slow or stop the progression of wet AMD with stabilisation of vision in some cases.
Dry AMD There is still no treatment for dry AMD though plenty of research in this area is being carried out. Low visual aids (LVA) can often be very helpful in dry or inactive AMD by forcing the peripheral retina to perform many of the tasks normally undertaken by the macula. Professor Stanga can organise assessment and assistance with LVA.
Diabetic Retinopathy Diabetic Retinopathy is a potentially blinding complication of diabetes that damages the retina. The retina is a thin membrane located in the inside of the eye, adhered to the wall of the eye like “wallpaper” and that acts like the film of a camera capturing the image that will be transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve.
Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the early stage of diabetic retinopathy. In this stage, tiny blood vessels in the retina outside the macula leak blood and fluid.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is the more severe stage of the disease when abnormal blood vessels grow along the retina or optic nerve head. In PDR much of the circulation of the retina closes down and abnormal blood vessels grow into the retina in an attempt to compensate for the reduced blood flow.
Retinal Vein Occlusion The retina is a thin membrane located in the inside of the eye, adhered to the wall of the eye like “wallpaper” and that acts like the film of a camera capturing the image that will be transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve.
Surgical Retina As a leading Vitreo-Retinal Surgeon Professor Stanga routinely operates (both within the NHS and the independent sector) on all conditions affecting the retina and macula, amongst others being floaters, epiretinal membrane, retinal detachment, macular hole, macular schisis, vitreous traction, Argus II for retinitis pigmentosa and ocular trauma.
Floaters A jelly-like substance called the vitreous fills the eye. The vitreous is a gel that maintains the shape of the eye, supplies it with nutrition and helps with the focusing of light.
Retinal Detachment Retinal Detachment is a potentially blinding condition that is treated with surgery that usually needs to be carried out as an emergency if the macula is still attached (central vision has been maintained) or within seven to ten days for best results if the macula is already off. Macula-on detachments can sometimes be delayed with appropriate posturing of the patient.
Vitrectomy An operation called Vitrectomy is sometimes required to remove the gel or vitreous humour that is located inside the eyeball. This operation is carried out though three very small or millimetric holes bored on the wall of the eye. A ceiling-hung microscope is used.
Paediatric Retina In 2010 Professor Stanga and Mr Susmito Biswas set up, within the NHS at the Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, one of only two national Regional Paediatric Vitreoretinal Services. They carry out monthly dedicated joint clinics with theatre lists.
Cataract Surgery The normal function of an eye lens is to focus light so that you can see clear, sharp images. When a cataract occurs, the lens inside your eye becomes cloudy making it difficult to see well enough to carry out your daily activities.
Electronic Retinal Implants Professor Paulo E. Stanga has set-up and is Principal Investigator for a Manchester-only Pilot Study of the Argus II system in Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) and has already successfully carried out the first ever implantation of an electronic retinal implant in AMD, which has resulted in the first ever person with integrated artificial (central) and natural (peripheral) vision.
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